What are the differences between a reversed phase and a normal phase column?

Normal phase (NP) stationary phases have been the first phases for chromatography and that is why their properties of polarity were determined as ’’normal’’. The stationary phase of a NP column has polar properties and is commonly used with nonpolar solvents as hexane or heptane. The other way round a reversed phase (RP) column has covalent charcteristics and is used with more polar eluents, like mixtures of acetonitrile and water.

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